Carotid Intima Media Thickness Screenings
Carotid Intima Media Thickness (CIMT) is a measurement used to diagnose the extent of carotid atherosclerotic vascular disease.
A CIMT screening measures the thickness of the inner layer of the carotid artery, the intima. Early detection of a thickening of the carotid artery intima may indicate the need for an aggressive approach to managing the risk factors associated with ocular and systemic vascular disease.
CIMT is an important tool that Eye Care Professionals can use to monitor the vascular health of a patient with the goal of preventing a retinal artery/vein occlusion, macular edema, heart attack and/or stroke.
Aging is a contributing factor to increased carotid intima-media thickness as atherosclerosis has been shown to increase over time.. Other risk factors include high lipoprotein levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
Because ECPs perform over 96 million exams per year, they are ideally positioned to use CIMT for early detection.
The Eye in Systemic Disease, University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science